Preparing to Enter a Nursing Program
Our goal for the nursing program is to graduate competent, caring, responsible beginning level nurses to meet the health care needs of our community. Nursing is a complex and multifaceted profession and the program leading to becoming a nurse is equally complex and multifaceted. We want the students entering the program to be as well prepared as possible to BE SUCCESSFUL!
We have observed that there are some common barriers to success for students entering the nursing programs. Some students have expressed a “deer in the headlights” feeling when confronted with the expectations of the program. We want to discuss barriers and expectations here so you can prepare yourself before hand to avoid or overcome these barriers and be in a better position to meet expectations!
Students must be prepared academically to succeed in a rigorous college curriculum. This means having college level reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary, and math skills. The nursing textbooks are written at the grade 13+ (college) level. It requires strong reading skills to grasp the content. Nurses must communicate effectively with the interdisciplinary health care team. This requires excellent spoken and written English, including grammar and vocabulary. Nurses give complex medications in pill and in liquid form injected into patients’ veins. Math skills must be top notch to ensure accurate delivery of medication.
Many of the courses you have completed thus far have required that you memorize content and repeat it on the test. This is the knowledge and comprehension level in the table below. Nursing is MUCH different. Nurses must critically think, plan, and take action (not just repeat). No one wants a nurse who, while the patient is bleeding, can recite the top ten reasons for bleeding. They want a nurse who DOES SOMETHING to stop the bleeding! Nursing decisions are never black and white, nor “yes” or “no.” Nursing decisions are made based on collection and analysis of information gathered from the patient. Any change in the information (data) may change the decision. Thus, learning experiences and testing in nursing are at the application and analysis level (see table below).
|Name, locate, tell,
list, repeat, point
to, identify, match,
|Use, solve, adapt,
test for, outline,
criticize, rate, rank,
compare, support, contrast
You might do some internet reading on these higher levels of learning as a base for critical thinking and familiarize yourself with study and test taking techniques for these higher levels. Your studying must be effective and efficient. Some students think that just adding more study hours will help – perhaps, but effective efficient studying for higher level learning is the key! Even students with the highest grades in high school or college courses may struggle with nursing level learning. It is better to be prepared and begin with A’s or B’s rather than starting with a “D” and struggling to improve. Some pre-nursing students think, “This does not apply to me,” then later they realize it did. Better to be prepared!
Financial Planning and Employment
One of the most common reasons for failures in the nursing programs is working (employment) too many hours. This reduces the time available for study. In the following information session you will be referred to sample calendars for the nursing program. There is no time for employment.
You need to review your financial obligations, create a budget, calculate school related expenses (the cost of the program, but also child care, travel, LOST income, and other expenses) to be sure you can finance attending the program without being employed or with minimum employment if in the part time options. Reduce your spending where possible. Save money for the time you are in the program. Explore financial aid options to help make ends meet while in the program. If you conclude you must work full time, we recommend you do so for a few years, save money and attend the program when you have a more solid financial base.
Personal and Family Issues
One of the biggest problems for students while in the nursing program is stress and resulting poor coping strategies. Before entering the program develop strong stress control/reduction skills and productive coping strategies. Again, read about these on the internet or in some of the many books published, but, more than reading PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE the methods. To employ these stress reduction techniques when stressed, you must practice these coping strategies and stress control techniques BEFORE stress hits.
Family and Friends
To be successful in the nursing programs students need the full support of their families and friends. This support may include moral support, encouragement, and well wishes. It also includes physical help with child care, cleaning, shopping, and other house and yard work. You do need balance in your life – time with family, exercise, good nutrition, plenty of sleep, and such, but the program must be a TOP priority.
Effective time management is vital to success and stress control in nursing school and nursing practice. Write out how you spend your time for 24 hours a day and seven days a week. Look for places where you can save time (i.e. you can give up being the class parent or scout leader for two years) and places where others can help (clean, cook, pick-up children, babysit, etc.). Your schedule must allow for the 40 hours a week you will devote to class, clinical, skills lab, and studying. See the suggested time management plan for Introduction to Nursing.
We find some students are reluctant to ask family and friends for help. Some enter nursing to help others, not to be helped. This can be a self defeating position. We all need help occasionally. We simply need to ask for specific help (“Would you pick-up the kids after school so I can study?” or “Would you take over the shopping while I am in school?”).
Unfortunately, some family members and friends are not supportive of nursing students. They may make non-supportive comments (“You’ll never be able to be a nurse.” or “Why are you wasting your time studying?”) or their behavior is non-supportive (promising to help and then not following through or sabotaging your studying by picking a fight the night before a test). You need to recognize these people and their behaviors and develop methods to counter them, including distancing yourself from these people. This may include distancing yourself from fellow students. Distance yourself from anyone who has a negative attitude, who is dispiriting, or attempts to reduce your self esteem! The nursing faculty can assist you with identifying successful coping strategies.
Now that you have read this, take time to analyze your position on
Academic skills at college level (reading comprehension, grammar, vocabulary, math)
Higher level learning and critical thinking
Effective, efficient study skills
Test taking skills
Personal stress management
Personal coping strategies
Home and work schedule vs schedule for class, clinical, skills lab,
Family and friends’ support
Need for help
Identify any weak areas and create a plan to address these. Implement your plan and evaluate the results. Have you strengthened the weak areas you identified? If you find you have an insurmountable problem, consider whether this is the best time for you to enter the nursing program, or whether you should create a longer range plan to solve problems and then apply for the nursing program. If you are having trouble with this analysis, a Health Sciences advisor (ext. 1274) or the dean (ext. 1574) are available to help you! Call and make an appointment.
The better your preparation for beginning the program, the more successful you will be!
Do you want to be an RN (Registered Nurse)?
You do not need previous nursing experience to become an RN.
The Associate Degree Nursing (ADN) program prepares you to become a registered nurse. Please carefully read the Associate Degree Nursing online information session and complete the survey at the end. (Current as of 11/1/2013 - Remember this date. As you prepare to submit your application, if this date has advanced, please again review the information, print and submit your application according to the most recent criteria.)
- OR -
Are you an LPN who wants to become an RN? We call this the Nursing Bridge option.
Please carefully read the LPN-ADN Program online information session and complete the survey at the end. (Current as of 11/1/2013 - Remember this date. As you prepare to submit your application, if this date has advanced, please again review the information, print and submit your application according to the most recent criteria.)