Student Right to Know:
Sexual Predators on Campus
Definition and Facts
What To Do If You Are Raped/Assaulted
At The Hospital Emergency Room
Emotional Concerns of Victims
Sexually Assaulted Boys and Men
Penalties for the Commission of Sexual Battery (Rape)
Profile of a Rapist
College of Central Florida will not tolerate the criminal act or attempted act of sexual assault (rape). Those students found in violation of this policy will be subject to dismissal in accordance with the procedures of the student code of conduct.
Employees found in violation of these policies will be subject to disciplinary action up to and including termination in accordance with the District Board of Trustees and/or Community College policies and procedures.
College of Central Florida , through its Public Safety department, will refer all rape or attempted rape cases occurring on CF property to local and state law enforcement agencies for prosecution and for other action as determined by those agencies.
Federal and State law requires a person designated as a “sexual predator or offender” to register with the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE).
Information regarding sexual predators or offenders attending or employed by CF may be obtained from the local law enforcement agency with jurisdiction, by calling FDLE hotline (1-888-FL-PREDATOR), or by visiting the FDLE website at offender.fdle.state.fl.us/.
College of Central Florida is committed to enhancing the safety of our students through campus programs designed to build awareness and promote prevention of acquaintance and date rape and forcible and non-forcible sex offenses. Activities to educate students on these topics may include, but are not limited to, Campus Safety Week, self-defense presentations, speakers, and small group discussions.
Sexual assault, commonly referred to as rape, is one of the most unreported of all major crimes. Sexual Assault (rape) is generally categorized by laymen into three areas based on the characterization of the rapist, i.e. stranger rape, date/acquaintance rape and gang/group rape.
Stranger rape is the sexual assault of an individual by someone the victim does not know. Some reported statistics about stranger rapes are:
- About 3 in 10 rapes by strangers occur on the streets; about 2 in 20 occur at the victim's home.
- Rapes committed by strangers are more likely to be reported to the police than rapes by non-strangers.
- Stranger rapists are more likely to have a weapon than non-stranger rapists. The weapons are likely to be guns or knives.
DATE OR ACQUAINTANCE RAPE
Date or acquaintance rape is the sexual assault of an individual by someone who the victim knows, usually an acquaintance or date. Date rape is the most common type of rape occurring on college or university campuses, but the least frequently reported.
Oftentimes date/acquaintance rapes are not accepted as "rapes" by the victims, the victims' families and friends or by the public. The myth that only strangers commit rape has been falsely accepted and perpetuated for generations. A RAPE IS A RAPE.
Many date/acquaintance rapes occur in the home of either the victim or the rapist. Loud music is often played to drown out the protests of the victim.
Acquaintance rapes usually happen after the first meeting or between two "friends" at a residence complex. The rapist may be a classmate acquaintance.
Date rapes often take place on the second or third date because most female victims tend to be more on guard during the first date.
Acquaintance and date rapes frequently result from aggressive male behavior combined with one or more of the following:
- A lack of clear understanding concerning the intention(s) and expectation(s) of both people;
- A perception of the lack of assertive behavior on the part of the victim; or
- Vulnerability of the victim resulting from the use of alcohol or drugs, or from stress, fatigue, et cetera.
Victims of date/acquaintance rape are inclined to feel guiltier than other rape victims because they knew the person and perhaps made a value judgment that the person was honest and trustworthy. Therefore, the victims erroneously assume that they must have been at fault. THE RAPIST IS THE WRONGDOER. A victim is NEVER responsible for being raped.
The rape often makes the victims feel that they can no longer separate the "nice" people from the "bad" people. Subsequent socialization or interaction becomes difficult.
Many victims of date/acquaintance rape are less likely to discuss the incident or report it to the police or others. Therefore, they usually do not seek counseling and often drop out of college. Therefore, it is imperative that a rape victim be advised to seek counseling.
Group/gang rape is the sexual assault of an individual by multiple perpetrators. The Florida Legislature has decreed that an act of sexual battery, when committed by more than one person, presents a great danger to the public and is extremely offensive to society. Accordingly, it has enhanced the penalties for acts of sexual battery when committed by multiple perpetrators. Florida Statutes, Section 794.023.
- Gang rapes may take place in dormitories, at off-campus parties, and in vehicles.
- Voyeurism is linked with gang rape. Those not directly involved may watch and encourage the active rapist(s) to continue with the rape.
- Alcohol and/or drugs are usually connected with campus gang rapes.
- Some gang rapes are planned in advance
Sexual Assault is a crime of violence, aggression, and power. It is not a crime of passion. Some other facts that you need to know about sexual assaults as compiled and published by the Office of Crime of the Office of Justice Programs, United States Department of Justice, are indicated below. These facts, although not exhaustive, were derived from the National Crime Survey which covered the period 1973 - 1987.
- Two thirds of all rapes occur at night, usually between midnight and 6:00 a.m.
- Women aged 16 to 24 are three times more likely to be raped than are other women. This age pattern is similar for black and white women. (NOTE: A rape victim may be an infant or an elderly person. Do not let this statistic give you a false sense of security!)
- Rapists and their victims are likely to be of the same race.
- More than half of the victims of completed rapes received medical care for the rape or injury.
- Women who live in places like dormitories and those in apartment houses with four or more units are more likely to be raped than are other women.
- When rape victims themselves reported the crime to the police, the reason they cited most frequently was to prevent the rape from happening again.
- Victims of completed rape mentioned that they needed help (counseling) after the incident more frequently than did victims of attempted rape.
IF YOU ARE ATTACKED
Try to keep a clear head. Go with your instincts. Depending on the circumstances, you may decide to run, scream, kick, hit, bite, or attempt to talk him out of it.
Keep in mind that your goal is to escape safely. But, if you believe your life is in danger, do not resist.
Every rape situation is different. Do not feel guilty about what you did or did not do during a rape. You are not to blame.
IF YOU ARE RAPED
Do not douche, shower, change your clothes or disturb the crime scene.
Do not destroy any physical evidence.
Call the Police - (you may request a female or male officer).
Ocala Police Department – (352)369-7070
Citrus Sheriff's Office – (352)726-4488
Chiefland Police Department – (352)493-6777
or dial 911 from any location
(NO MONEY NECESSARY)
IF YOU DO NOT WANT TO CALL THE POLICE,
CONTACT A HOSPITAL EMERGENCY ROOM.
Marion County Munroe Regional Medical Center (352)351-7200
Ocala Regional Medical Center (352)401-1000
Citrus County Citrus Memorial Hospital (352)726-1551
Seven Rivers Community Hospital (352)795-8335
Levy County Nature Coast Regional Hospital (352)528-2801
Shands Hospital (352)265-0111
Rape Crisis 1-800-500-1119
You will be checked and treated for any visible physical injuries strictly at your option. If necessary, a complete internal examination will also be performed to establish the extent of any injuries as well as to collect any specimen should you decide to prosecute.
When appropriate, you will be offered medication to prevent STD's (sexually transmitted diseases) or pregnancy. You will not be given any medication to which you object. An HIV Test (AIDS) will be administered with written consent.
Whether or not you report the rape and participate in legal action, you should consult a trained Rape Crisis Counselor, Rape Crisis Center or Counseling Center.
Rape Crisis Center
Ocala Campus - (352)873-5802
Citrus Campus – (352)249-1202
Hampton Center – (352)427-4640
Levy Center – (352)493-9533
Although no two rapes are the same nor do two victims feel the same, there are some general feelings that many victims have.
- You might feel guilty because you are afraid you did not do enough to fight off your attacker.
- You might feel angry and mad, and take your anger out on those you love.
- You might feel afraid that your attacker will come back.
- You might feel ashamed of what has happened to you.
- You might feel helpless because it seems you have lost control of your life and/or the situation.
- You might feel unclean, even after bathing.
- You might be afraid to tell anyone for fear that they will change toward you.
- You might be afraid to report the crime for fear of retaliation.
Young boys and men who are sexually assaulted should report the crime and seek medical assistance and counseling also. Males, just as females, experience fear, anger, depression, and other emotions. The need by males to talk to someone about their emotions is just as real and important.
STATE OF FLORIDA
The commission of sexual battery is considered a felony under most circumstances in the State of Florida . Felonies are classified, for the purpose of sentencing and for any other purpose specifically provided by statute, into the following categories with the following prescribed penalties:
Capital Felony - Life imprisonment, of which no less than 25 years must be served before becoming eligible for parole unless the proceeding held to determine sentence results in the finding that such person shall be punished by death.
Life Felony - For a life felony committed on or after October 1, 1983 , a term of imprisonment for life or a term of imprisonment not exceeding 40 years.
Felony of the First Degree - A term of imprisonment not exceeding 30 years or, when specifically provided by statute, by imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding life imprisonment.
Felony of the Second Degree - A term of imprisonment not exceeding 15 years.
Felony of the Third Degree - A term of imprisonment not exceeding 5 years.
Whether a person is charged and/or convicted of a particular felony in the State of Florida will depend on certain acts or circumstances existing during the commission of the sexual assault, e.g. the age of the victim; the use or threat of a deadly weapon or the use of actual physical force likely to cause serious personal injury; use of drugs or intoxicating substances; incapacitating the victim, mentally, or physically; the number of perpetrators involved in the crime; or if the offender is a habitual felony offender, etc.
CENTRAL FLORIDA COMMUNITY COLLEGE
College of Central Florida may summarily dismiss or expel any student, pending a hearing at a later date if requested, who is convicted of or pleaded guilty to a criminal offense of a kind which interferes with the educational or orderly operation of the college, or a kind which, if the student were allowed to remain enrolled would endanger the health, safety or property of the members of the academic community.
A rapist is not distinguishable by his looks or intelligence. Most rapists who have been studied rate normally on psychological tests except for a slightly higher rate on expressing anger. They can look like the boy next door or any well-respected member of the community.
However, experts on sexual assaults have identified some behavioral characteristics and personality traits that merit the attention of prudent and observant persons.
- Selects his victim and initiates the attack on the basis of opportunity, usually selecting someone who appears vulnerable and alone.
- Often has consenting sexual relationships, but chooses to rape both because he enjoys overpowering and degrading his victims and as a vent to his feelings of hostility, aggression and inferiorority. Sex is not the motivating factor, only the mode of expression.
- Is emotionally unstable, yet deals with life on a day-to-day basis in a reasonably normal and competent manner.
- Has difficulty relating to others in a permanent or lasting fashion.
- Could be an exhibitionist or a "peeping tom", since these acts may be only a part of a fantasy which includes rape.
- Does not understand or recognize the rights of an individual.
- Acts immaturely, shows little empathy or feeling for others and displays little social conscience.
- Displays anger or aggression either physically or verbally. The anger need not be directed toward you, but may be displayed during conversations by general negative references to women, vulgarity, curtness towards others, and the like. Often views women as adversaries.
- Acts macho and discusses acts of physical prowess.
- Displays a short temper, slaps and/or twists arms.
- Acts excessively jealous and/or possessive about you. Be especially suspicious of this behavior if you have recently met the person or are on a first or second date.
- Ignores your wishes.
- Attempts to make you feel guilty, or accuses you of being "uptight."
- Becomes hostile and/or increasingly more aggressive when you say "no."
- Acts particularly friendly at a party or bar and tries to separate you from your friends.
- Insists on being alone with you on a first date.
- Demands your attention or compliance at inappropriate times, such as during a class.
- Asks personal questions and is interested in knowing more about you than you want to tell him.
- Subscribes excessively to traditional male/female stereotypes