Introduction to Surgical Technology (17)
Vocational hours: 510
Acceptance to the Surgical Technology program and current CPR/BLS certification are required. The student will be introduced to the school's program, philosophy, and requirements. Interpersonal relationship techniques, medical terminology, and weights and measures are stressed. An understanding and appreciation for the role of a surgical technologist in the operating room, delivery room and related areas will be obtained. The student will be introduced to self, professional and workplace management skills. The student will become aware of the surgery patient's total needs and patient care concepts ethically, morally, legally for the surgical patients: physical, social, psychological, and spiritual. Surgical consent, pre-operative routine, and laboratory reports are covered and the student learns to interpret these reports. Pharmacology and principles of anesthesia administrations are stressed, with emphasis on the care and handling of drugs and solutions used in surgery, pre-operative meds, side effects, drug reactions and emergency measures used to counteract these reactions. The individuality and uniqueness of each patient is discussed. The student will learn to understand and use surgical skills in the peri-operative environment, including principles of aseptic technique and sterile technique. The student will identify, demonstrate care, assembly and handling of instruments, specialty equipment, and supplies used in the operating room. The student will also learn to set up a basic mayo stand, back table, and perform skills as a team member during skills lab practice. The student will learn the techniques and processes involved with sterile processing and decontamination of instruments, supplies, equipment, and the OR environment. All-hazard preparation is covered including preparation and planning, detection and communication, incident management and support systems, safety and security, clinical/public health assessment and intervention, contingency, recovery, and public health law and ethics when dealing with disasters. After successful completion of 240 hours and passing an instrumentation test, the student will have demonstrated an occupational completion point of Central Supply Technician. Students must also pass a skills performance test to successfully complete this course. The student will also understand and use principles of sanitation, sterilization and disinfection. Laboratory practice is an integral part of this course. The student will obtain a basic understanding of anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology. Introduction to the structure and function of the body, anatomical positions and planes of the body, systems of the body and their interrelationships are studied. Principles of pathology and reaction of injury and pathogenesis of disease are discussed. Introduction to microbiology, the infectious process, body defenses against disease and wound healing are studied. Microorganisms as agents of disease and host-parasite are studied as they apply to the practice of surgery. Maintenance of health and prevention of disease are emphasized. The student will obtain clinical experience in the surgical environment. Students will actively participate as a scrub person during surgical procedures. Emphasis is on skills development learned in skills laboratory.